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Full list of publications (pdf)

Articles in peer-reviewed journals

Bachner, G., Mayer, J., Steininger, K.W. (2019). Costs or benefits? Assessing the economy-wide effects of the electricity sector’s low carbon transition – The role of capital costs, divergent risk perceptions and premiums. Energy Strategy Reviews 26, 100373. doi: j.esr.2019.100373


Bachner, G., Steininger, K.W., Williges, K., Tuerk, A. (2019), The economy-wide effect of large scale renewable electricity expansion in Europe: the role of integration costs, Renew. Energy 134: 1369-1380.  doi: 10.1016/j.renene.2018.09.052 Article


Unterberger, C., Hudson, P., Botzen, WJW., Schroer, K., Steininger, K.W. (2019), Future Public Sector Flood Risk and Risk Sharing Arrangements, Ecol. Econ. 156: 153-163. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2018.09.019   Article


Bachner, G., Wolkinger, B., Mayer, J., Tuerk, A., Steininger, K.W. (2019), Risk assessment of the low-carbon transition of Austria’s steel and electricity sectors, Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, available online 26 December 2018, in press. doi: j.eist.2018.12.005   Article


Mayer, J., Bachner, G., Steininger, K.W. (2019), Macroeconomic implications of switching to process-emission-free iron and steel production in Europe, Journal of Cleaner Production 210: 1517-1533; doi: j.jclepro.2018.11.118    Article


Unterberger, C, Brunner, L., Nabernegg, S., Steininger, K.W., Steiner, A., Stabentheiner, E., Monschein, S., Truhetz, H. (2018), Spring frost risk for regional apple production under a warmer climate, PLOS ONE (online: July 25, 2018). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0200201   Article


Steininger, K.W., Munoz, P., Karstensen, J., Peters, G., Strohmaier, R. Velazquez, E. (2018), Austria´s consumption based greenhouse gas emissions: Indentifying sectoral sources and destinations. Global Environmental Change 48: 226-242. doi: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2017.11.011   Article


Wolkinger, B., Haas, W., Bachner, G., Weisz, U., Steininger, K.W., Hutter, H.-P., Delcour, J., Griebler, R., Mittelbach, M., Maier, P., Reifeltshammer, R. (2018), Evaluating health co-benefits of climate change mitigation in urban mobility, Int. J. of Env. Res. Public Health 15: 880-907.  doi:10.3390/ijerph15050880  Article


López-Prol, J., Steininger, K.W. (2018), The social profitability of photovoltaics in Germany, Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications 26: 631–641. doi: 10.1002/pip.2988  Article


López-Prol, J., Steininger, K.W. (2017), Photovoltaic self-consumption regulation in Spain: profitability analysis and alternative regulation schemes. Energy Policy 108:742-754. doi: 10.1016/j.enpol.2017.06.019  Article


Schinko, T., Bachner, G., Schleicher, S., Steinigner, K.W. (2017). Modeling for insights not numbers: The long-term low-carbon transformation. Atmósfera 30 (1): 137-161; doi: 10.20937/ATM.2017.30.02.05. Article

Steininger, K.W., Lininger, C., Meyer, L.H., Munoz, P., Schinko, T. (2016), Multiple carbon accounting to support just and effective climate policies, Nature Climate Change,6: 35-41, online Nov 23, 2015; doi: 10.1038/nclimate2867 Article

Steininger, K.W., Bednar-Friedl, B., Formayer, H., König, M. (2016), Consistent economic cross-sectoral climate change impact scenario analysis: method and application to Austria, Climate Services 1: 39-52; doi: 10.1016/j.cliser.2016.02.003 Article

Grossmann, W., Grossmann, I., Steininger, K.W. (2015), Solar electricity supply isolines of generation capacity and storage, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) 112(12): 3663-3668; doi: 10.1073/pnas.1316781112 Article

Steininger, K.W., Bachner, G. (2014), Extending car-sharing to serve commuters: An implementation in Austria, Ecological Economics 101: 64-66; doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2014.03.001 Science Direct

Kulmer, V., Koland, O., Steininger, K.W., Fuerst, B., Kaefer, A. (2014), The interaction of spatial planning and transport policy: A regional perspective on sprawl, The Journal of Transport and Land Use 7: 1-13; doi: 10.5198/jtlu.v7i1.360 Article

Steininger, K.W., Lininger, C., Droege, S., Roser, D., Tomlinson, L, Meyer, L. (2014), Justice and cost effectiveness of consumption-based versus production-based approaches in the case of unilateral climate policies, Global Environmental Change 24: 75-87; doi: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2013.10.005 Science Direct

Schinko, T., Bednar-Friedl, B., Steininger, K.W., Grossmann, W. (2014), Switching to carbon-free production processes: Implications for carbon leakage and border carbon adjustment, Energy Policy 67: 818-831; doi: 10.1016/j.enpol.2013.11.077 Science Direct

Grossmann, W.D., Grossmann, I., Steininger, K.W. (2014), Solar electricity generation across large geographic areas, part II: A Pan-American energy system based on solar, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 32: 983-993; doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2014.01.003 Science Direct

Grossmann, W.D., Grossmann, I., Steininger, K.W. (2013), Distributed solar electricity generation across large geographic areas, Part I: A method to optimize site selection, generation and storage, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 25: 831-843 ; doi:10.1016/j.rser.2012.08.018 Science Direct

Bednar-Friedl, B., Schinko, T., Steininger, K.W. (2012), The relevance of process emissions for carbon leakage: A comparison of unilateral climate policy options with and without border carbon adjustment, Energy Economics, 34, Suppl 2: S168-S180; doi: 10.1016/j.eneco.2012.038 Science Direct

Steininger, K.W., Schmid, C., Tobin, A. (2012), Regional and climate mitigation impacts of expanding the heavy duty vehicle charge to the secondary road network: A quantitative analysis for Austria, Empirica, 39(2): 261-278 ; doi: 10.1007/s10663-012-9184-9 Science Direct

Wolkinger, B., Steininger, K.W., Damm, A., Schleicher, S., Grossmann, W., Türk, A., Tatzber, F., Steiner, D. (2012), Implementing Europe’s climate targets at the regional level, Climate Policy, 12(6): 667-689; doi: 10.1080/14693062.2012.669096 Science Direct

Grossmann, W., Steininger, K.W., Schmid, C., Grossmann, I. (2012), Investment and Employment from Large-Scale Photovoltaics up to 2050, Empirica, 39(2): 165-189 ; doi: 10.1007/s10663-012-9185-8 Science Direct

Köppl, A., Steininger, K.W. (2012), The Climate Challenge for the Energy System, Empirica, 39(2): 157-163,doi: 10.1007/s10663-012-9190-y Science Direct

Steininger, Karl W. and Wojan, Tim (2011), Economic Impact of Bioenergy Development Some evidence from Europe and the US Incidence, Eurochoices, 10/(3), December 2011, pages 31-37, doi: 10.1111/j.1746-692X.2011.00214.x Article

Bednar-Friedl, B., Koland, O., and K.W. Steininger (2011), Urban Sprawl and Policy Responses: A General Equilibrium Analysis of Residential Choice, Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 54(1), January, 145-168, doi:10.1080/09640568.2010.502766 Article

Munoz, P, Steininger, K.W. (2010), Austria´s CO2 responsibility and the carbon content of its international trade, Ecological Economics, 69(10), 2003-2019, doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2010.05.017, doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2010.05.017. Article

Trink, T., Schmid, C., Schinko, T., Steininger, K.W., Kettner, C., Loibnegger, T., Pack, A., Töglhofer, C. (2010), Regional Economic Impacts of Biomass Based Energy Service Use: A Comparison Across Crops and Technologies for East Styria, Austria, Energy Policy, 38: 5912-5926, doi: 10.1016/j.enpol.2010.05.045. Article

Grossmann, W.D., Grossmann, I., and K.W. Steininger (2010), Indicators to determine winning renewable energy technologies with an application to photovoltaics, forthcoming in Environmental Science and Technology, 44(13), 4849–4855, doi:10.1021/es903434q, Science Direct

Kalinowska, D. and K.W. Steininger (2009), Distributional impacts of car road pricing: Settlement structures determine divergence across countries, Ecological Economics , 68 (2009): 2890-2896,doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2009.07.004, Article

Grossmann, W.D., Steininger, K.W., Grossmann, I., and L. Magaard (2009), Indicators on Economic Risk from Global Climate Change, Environmental Science and Technology, 43(16): 6421–6426, doi: 10.1021/es8035797, Article

Steininger, K.W., B. Friedl and B. Gebetsroither (2007), Sustainability Impacts of Car Road Pricing: A Computable General Equilibrium Analysis for Austria, Ecological Economics, 63: 59-69, doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2006.09.021, Article

Steininger, K.W. and H. Voraberger (2003), Exploiting the Medium-term Biomass Energy Potentials in Austria: A Comparison of Costs and Macroeconomic Impact. Environmental and Resource Economics 24: 359-377, doi:10.1023/A:1023680125027, Article

Steininger, K.W. (2002), The Foreign Trade and Sectoral Impact of Truck Road Pricing for Cross-Border Trade: A CGE Analysis for a Small Open Economy, Environmental and Resource Economics 23: 213-253, doi:10.1023/A:1021263213158, Article

Friedl, B. and K.W. Steininger (2002), Environmentally Sustainable Transport: Definition and Long-Term Economic Impacts for Austria, Empirica 29: 163-180, doi:10.1023/A:1015600911243, Article

Steininger, K.W. (2002), Transport, Access and Economic Growth, World Economics 3: 75-91, Article

Prettenthaler, F. and K.W. Steininger (1999), From Ownership to Service Use Lifestyle: The Potential of Car Sharing, Ecological Economics 28: 443-453, doi:10.1016/S0921-8009(98)00109-8, Article

Farmer, K. and K.W. Steininger (1999), Reducing CO2-Emissions Under Fiscal Retrenchment: A Multi-Cohort CGE-model for Austria, Environmental and Resource Economics 13: 309-340, doi:10.1023/A:1008243611666, Article

Steininger, K.W. (1998), Spatial Discounting: An Empirical Investigation into Human Preferences, Indian Journal of Applied Economics 7: 253-268.

Breuss, F. and K.W. Steininger (1998), Biomass Energy Use to Reduce Climate Change: A General Equilibrium Analysis for Austria, Journal of Policy Modeling 20: 513-535, doi:10.1016/S0161-8938(97)00073-2, Article

Schwarz, E. and K.W. Steininger (1997), Implementing Nature´s Lesson: The Industrial Recycling Network Enhancing Regional Development, Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 5, No. 1-2 (Special Issue: Industrial Ecology): 47-56, doi:10.1016/S0959-6526(97)00009-7, Article

Steininger, K.W., C. Vogl and R. Zettl (1996), Car-sharing organizations: The size of the market segment and revealed change in mobility behavior, Transport Policy 3 No.4: 177-185, doi:10.1016/S0967-070X(96)00024-8, Article

Steininger, K.W. (1994), Illusion in the Depletion of Common Property Resources, Int. Journal of Environment and Pollution, Vol. 4 No.3: 267-282, doi:10.1504/IJEP.1994.028360, Article

Steininger, K.W. (1994), Reconciling Trade and Environment: Towards a Comparative Advantage for Long Term Policy Goals, Ecological Economics, Vol. 9, No. 1 (Special Issue: Trade and the Environment): 23-42,doi:10.1016/0921-8009(94)90014-0, Article



Steininger, K., M. Koenig, B. Bednar-Friedl, L. Kranzl, W. Loibl and F. Prettenthaler (eds.), Economic Evaluation of Climate Change Impacts. Development of a Cross-Sectoral framework and Results for Austria. Springer, 2015. 468 pp. Book

Cogoy, M. and K.W. Steininger (eds.), The Economics of Global Environmental Change: International Cooperation for Sustainability, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2007

Steininger, K.W., C. Steinreiber und C. Ritz (Hrsg.), Extreme Wetterereignisse und ihre wirtschaftlichen Folgen, Heidelberg: Springer, 2005, 246 S.

Köppl, A. und K.W. Steininger (Hrsg.), Reform umweltkontraproduktiver Förderungen in Österreich. Energie und Verkehr. Graz: Leykam, 2004, 204 S.

Steininger, K.W. and H. Weck-Hanemann (eds.), Global Environmental Change in Alpine Regions: Recognition, Impact, Adaptation and Mitigation. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2002, 271 pp.

Steininger, K.W., International Trade and Transport. Spatial Structure and Environmental Quality in a Global Economy. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2001, 160 pp.

Steininger, K.W., Trade and Environment, The Regulatory Controversy and a Theoretical and Empirical Assessment of Unilateral Environmental Action. Heidelberg: Physica, 1995, 219 p.


Recent other journal publications:

Kirchengast, G., Madner, V., Schulev-Steindl, E., Steininger, K., Hollaus, B., Karl, M. (2017), Flughafen Wien: VfGH behebt Untersagung der dritten Piste durch das BVwG wegen Willkür - Besprechung. Recht der Umwelt 2017/06: 252-261.

Kirchengast, G., Madner, V., Schulev-Steindl, E., Steininger, K., Hollaus, B., Karl, M. (2017), Flughafen Wien: Untersagung der dritten Piste durch das BVwG - Besprechung. Recht der Umwelt 2017/03: 121-131.



 Karl W. Steininger
 University of Graz
 phone: +43 316 380-3451, 8441
 fax: +43 316 380-9830
 e-mail: karl.steininger(at)uni-graz.at

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